Drinking water detrimental for health

ALLAHABAD: The unabated supply of contaminated water in prime localities of the city is affecting the health of people as there has been a steep rise in cases of water-borne diseases. In fact, about 60% patients visiting city primary/community or government hospitals are prone to water-borne diseases, health department officials are encouraging people to drink safe, clean and pure water to keep them fit & healthy.

While Allahabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) authorities are claiming that they have been taking corrective measures to rectify the broken and out-dated pipe lines, the authorities of health department on their part are also apprising denizens about the benefits of pure water. Claiming that pure water is free from any colour, odour, taste & turbidity, where as wholesome water is pure water which contains adequate amount of dissolved oxygen but no microorganisms and other organic pollutants and is free from microbial and chemical toxins, health officials asserted that “once the people come to acknowledge between the difference between contaminated and pur water, cases of water-borne diseases would be checked automatically”.

Three days back, residents of Katghar and Unchwagarhri have complained to municipal authorities against the supply of contaminated water and the city mayor Chowdhary Jitendra Nath Singh, after listening to their grievances has further asked district authorities to initiate necessary steps so that clean and pure water can be supplied to the houses.

The mayor told TOI that he had asked the district magistrate, Allahabad to take precautionary and required measures to solve public complaints as far as supply of contaminated water was concerned. He further admitted that supply of contaminated water was reported in Katghar area as there were leakages in water pipe joints. Here, the water flowing in sewerlines is mixing with main water supply line due to leakage in joints and as a result, contaminated water is flowing in taps. Similar conditions were reported in Unchwagarhi despite the fact that new water supply line is being laid down.

Dr Meesum SAM, senior medical officer, community health says, “people usually fall sick after consuming contaminated water.” He added there has been a steep rise in the cases of water borne diseases in both rural and urban areas.

Dr SAM added that people usually fall prey to water-borne diseases as they never take notice of quality of water being consumed by them. Stressing that intake of fresh and pure water could tackle the crisis, the department has initiated few measures asking people to know more about water and its nature.

Additional CMO, Dr VK Srivastava says, “Water-borne (bacteria) diseases including Cholera, Typhoid, Dysentery and Diarrhoea spread due to consumption of contaminated water.”

The fact is that most of the health problems are being generated through water-borne diseases and even kills children across the nation. In India every year one in 5 deaths less than 5 year is due to diarrhoea.

Recently, a city based corporator had raised the issue of the death of a seven year-old girl due to contaminated water supply during nagar nigam sadan meeting.

The health department usually educate people about the difference between pur and contaminated water ” said Dr SAM adding that educational programmes are being taken effectively in the same regard.

Areas like Rajapur, Khuldabad, Nakhas Kohna, Kalyani Devi, Meerapur, Dariyabad, Shahganj, Rani mandi, Jhunsi, Saray Mamrez, sarayinayat, Soraon, Mauaima and Naini frequently complain against the supply of contaminated water. While AMC authorities claim to have initiated efforts to solve public grievances, health department officials claim that a few tips could improve the scenario.

In the past three months, over 732 patients suffering from water borne diseases were admitted at various hospitals.

IN A NUTSHELL

* Around 88% of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. About 1.8 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases and 1600 daily in India 6 lakh children annually die due to diarrhoeal diseases in India21% of communicable diseases are related to unsafe water 59% to total health budget is spend in tackling health impact of water pollution in India.

* Water Hygiene has its significance. Fresh water resources are limited and people are compelled to use untreated water.

* Drinking water problem is not only in terms of availability of quantity but also quality of the water available. Rural drinking water supply is to a large extent dependent on ground water (85 %).

Dissolved salts maKE the water hard and unpalatable-Here the department officials provide some preventive measures.

Wash hands especially after using the toilet or handling pets or soil.

Wash fruits and vegetables with clean water, to eat

Avoid unpastuerized milk and dairy products.

Cooking and boiling kills germs.

Dont drink untreated water from lakes, rivers or pools. Always drink treated and filtered water

Water swallowed while swimming and water amusement may be harmful to health.

Clean surfaces where diapers are changed after every use.

More precautions are needed while travelling to developing countries.

Proper Biomedical and solid waste management

Keep the area clean around water reservoir.

Closed drain system and only treated water be allowed in lakes and rivers. Leak proof pipe lines

Proper disposal of solid and biomedical waste

Limit indiscriminate use of organic fertilisers and pesticides.

Ban open field defecation Total sanitation programme.

Control Measures of Intestinal Infestations. —–Most of these are preventable through good personal hygiene, improved environmental sanitation and effective public health measures.

* Proper disposal faeces.

* Personal Protection.

1. Food. Ground or root vegetables used for making salads should be cleaned and washed with potable water thoroughly and preferably peeled before use. Pork, beef and fish should be well cooked to destroy to infective for of parasites embedded in flesh.

2. Water. The drinking water should be boiled or filtered to prevention infection through ingestion of infected cylops.

3. Skin. Children should be encouraged to wear shoes while going to field for playing or defecation in open.

*.Health education and personal hygiene–

1 The habit of washing hands after defecation and before taking food should be encouraged.

2 Nails should be cut and cleaned with clean water soap and brush.

3 Daily bath and scrupulous personal cleanliness should be advised. The under clothes should not be dirty.

4 Information about the mode of infection with the helminthes, method of prevention and treatment should be widely disseminated.

(source health department) – From TOI

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One Response to Drinking water detrimental for health

  1. rahmad fl says:

    good info .. I am very interested in your articles

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