Dindigul: Drinking water project to be over by September

DINDIGUL: Combined Cauvery drinking water projects (phase II) meant for Reddiyarchatram and Vedasandur will be completed by September end, said I. Periasamy, Minister for Revenue.

He was inaugurated the panchayat union office and distributed free gas stoves and gas connections to beneficiaries at a function held at Reddiyarchatram here on Tuesday evening.

Seventy per cent of the water project work meant for Reddiyarchatram union and 75 per cent of work meant for Vedasandur was over. Pipeline was laid to a distance of 36 kilometres.

The TWAD Board was advised to expedite the work to complete it by September end. On completion of the project, drinking water crisis of these areas will be solved, he added.

Main objective of opening more and more fair price or ration shops at villages was to scale down the distance between the shops and the houses. People need not have to travel for a long distance to buy PDS goods. Moreover, distribution of PDS goods would be done quickly and people need not wait in long queues to get their goods.

To take the government schemes quickly to people, the government had created 22 taluks in the State so far.

Later, the Revenue Minister inaugurated fair price shops at Sullerumbu Kadiraiyan kulam and Thekkampatti in Reddiyarchatram union built at a cost of Rs.2.6 lakh and panchayat union office constructed at a cost of Rs.6 lakh. Free gas stoves were given to 208 families and old age pension to 529 beneficiaries.

The TWAD Board had already implemented Rs.100 crore Cauvery drinking water project for Dindigul and neighbouring town panchayats including Natham. Second phase of the project was under progress to supply protected drinking water to residents in Vedasandur and Reddiyarchatram.

From THE HINDU

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Borewells to be sunk to augment water supply

Water from the Cauvery is not enough for the city

Dedicated water supply scheme already sanctioned, It has been delayed by administrative issues

SALEM: To meet the drinking water scarcity, Salem Corporation has undertaken the massive work of sinking 93 borewells at places where the water problem is acute in the city.

For more water: Work on sinking borewells in progress at Maruthi Nagar in Salem on Thursday.- Photo: P. Goutham

Though the city is being supplied with water from Cauvery, it is not enough for the burgeoning population.

The government has already sanctioned a dedicated water supply scheme for Salem city alone with source again at Cauvery.

But technical and administrative issues plague the scheme, which is getting delayed further.

As the district and city have already been reeling under severe drought like situation, Tamil Nadu Government under a special sanctioning has sanctioned a sum of Rs. 2 crore for the Corporation to sink borewells in the city.

The issue also drew heated debate on the floor of the recent council meeting with councillors from all parties including DMK voicing their concern over the delay in utilizing the State fund and sinking borewells.

Responding to their demands, the Corporation officials had identified 93 places in which they started the work of sinking borewells at a total cost of Rs. 1.10 crore.

Corporation Commissioner K. S. Palanisamy and other senior officials supervised the works of the first borewell being sunk at the Mannarpalayam Pirivu-Puduvalavau area here.

The Commissioner said that the works of all 93 bore wells would be completed by this month end.

Other works such as laying pipelines and erecting plastic tanks also had been taken up simultaneously, he pointed out.

Councillors and other senior officials accompanied the Commissioner on the supervisory visit.

From THE HINDU

Leaf mite infestation in rice – Methods to Control

Rice leaf mite has attained a pest status in the Cauvery deltaic regions of Tamil Nadu. Infestation starts early from the nursery till stem elongation stage.

Leaf mites feed on upper and lower surface of rice leaves. Usually they are more numerous on lower surface than upper surface.

Leaf mites are small and microscopic spider mites which pierce the leaf tissue and suck the exuding sap.

They multiply very fast under congenial conditions and damage the entire leaf portion under severe infestation.

Damage results in the appearance of yellowish brown specks which increase under severe conditions and whole leaf turns to greyish white and dries up.

Usually the initial symptoms of damage are from the periphery of the rice field and later depending upon wind speed directions the intensity of leaf area loss is manifested.

Most severe

The damage is most serious during the high temperature time with high relative humility (June – July). Entire life cycle can take 8-12 days.

Adults are sexually mature when they emerge and mate as soon as possible. Egg laying begins in 1-3 days, and singly in rows along the leaf midribs and veins. Incubation lasts 4-9 days.

This is followed by the three immature stages – larva, protonymph and deutonymph.

The mite is active and breeds throughout the year building large population during hot weather when the life cycle takes the shortest time.

Management methods

Use of chisel ploughing once in four years.

Create a rice free period by ploughing down stubbles between crops or follow rice fallow crops with pulses/green manures maize in endemic areas.

Maintaining the bunds free from weeds. Seed treatment with Pseudomonas at 10 grams/ 1kg of seeds.

Topdressing of urea with neem cake (5:1) with LCC (Leaf Colour Chart) based N and to avoid excess Nitrogen application.

Top dressing of 50 per cent potash fertilizer. Spraying of Profenophos 50 EC 1000 ml/ ha along with khadi bar soap 1.5 kg controls leaf mite.
S.M. JALALUDDIN
G. RAVI
& S. JEBARAJ

Tamil Nadu Rice Research
Institute, TNAU
Aduthurai, Tamil Nadu

From THE HINDU

Arakkonam to get Cauvery water soon

CHENNAI: Cauvery water will soon be brought to Arakkonam, about 80km from here, as part of the ambitious Hogenakkal Drinking Water Supply Scheme.

Making the announcement in the assembly on Monday, deputy chief minister MK Stalin said the parched Vellore district, within which Arakkonam falls, would be covered by the project, being executed at a cost of Rs 1,800 crore. This will be done in the second phase of the project, work for which is presently on to bring drinking water to the fluoride affected districts of Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri at a cost of Rs 1,926 crore.

Stalin said that the physical works for the Hogenakkal scheme would begin by March. The work would be completed ahead of its December 2012 schedule.

From TOI

Bangalore: L&T Secures Orders For Rs.581 Cr

Larsen & Toubro said that it secured orders for Rs.581 crore from Powergen Infrastructure and Bangalore Water Supply & Sewerage Board during the third quarter of the fiscal. The orders include an EPC order for the material handling business for Rs.392 crore and water business for Rs.189 crore.

The projects will be executed by the metallurgical, material handling and water operating company of L&T’s construction division

The company said that the contract from Powergen Infrastructure is for setting up of a coal handling plant at 5 X 660 MW Tiroda Thermal Power Plant of Adani Power in Maharashtra and is to be completed in 30 months. The project includes basic and detailed engineering, supply and erection of mechanical, electrical and instrumentation systems and structural steel works including testing and commissioning.

The contract from BWSSB includes fabrication and laying of mild steel pipeline. The scheme is funded by Japan International Cooperation Agency, envisages transmission of 500 million liters per day of clear water from river Cauvery to Bengaluru. The project is to be completed in 24 months.

From RTT NEWS

Bangalore: BWSSB- Digging hard for Drinking Water

ALL the sources of drinking water in and around Bangalore will not be able to quench the city’s thirst in the next 30 years. Estimates suggest that Bangalore will need at least 2,550 MLD of water by 2040. Even if all the sources of drinking water are exploited, only 1,500 MLD of water will be available for the city.

Looking down the barrel on the unavoidable fact, the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewage Board (BWSSB) amended the BWSSB act 1964 on August 27, 2009 to make way for rain water harvesting as a source of water for the city.

If the plans are implemented according to the amended laws, the harvested rain water is expected to meet the water requirements of the city for nearly six months in a year.

The BWSSB managed to supply Cauvery water to 16,000 households in the newly added areas of the city this year. More than 1,000 bore wells were dug to supply drinking water to these areas.

To bring in more water for the city, the department awarded most of the contracts for the implementation of Cauvery IV Stage II project and officials say the project will be completed in time — by 2012.

The water wastage has been causing a major dent in the department’s revenue. BWSSB has installed bulk flow meters to monitor the flow of water in different areas and to check the wastage of water. The geographic information system that is being currently developed is expected to help the department in checking the unaccounted for water. BWSSB has undertaken two major pilot projects to study the feasibility of implementing the system. The first of the two is expected to help the department trace the leakage in the city through satellite imagery.

The jetting machines inducted for clearing blockages in the sewage lines have proved effective.

BWSSB is also in the process of laying 2,300 kms of sewerage lines in the new areas of the city with World Bank aid. This project is expected to take shape in 2010.

Around 72 kms of major sewage lines were laid to ease the sewage flow from the city this year.

From Express Buzz

Bangalore looks beyond Cauvery Water to quench thirst

The city is examining options, including rainwater harvesting.

Bangalore, which draws all its drinking water from the Cauvery has been lauded as a model city for its well-metered water supply system and an effective complaint redress mechanism.

The city, also an information technology (IT) hub, has metered its water supply and made its revenue collection allegedly leak-proof, with solutions provided by IT companies in its 580,000 water connections in a population of about 7.4 million.

But Bangalore is now on an expansion mode, with a new supply line being readied for the Greater Bangalore City Corporation, which will include seven city municipalities and one town municipality.

To meet its future requirement, the city is looking beyond the Cauvery. It is examining the options of supplying water tapped through rainwater harvesting, as well as a different model for funding the new project.

There are various options for managing supplies, including end treatment, source treatment and roof water harvesting, says K V Raju, economic advisor to the chief minister of Karnataka, and professor and head, Centre for Ecological Economics and Natural Resources of the Institute for Social and Economic Change.

He says these could take care of 40 per cent of the needs of the city, which receives about 1,000 millimetre of rains every year.

In addition, recycled water would ensure there is lots available for local consumption. But, for that we will need to lay a second pipeline to deal with the accessibility issue, says Raju.

The actual demand-supply gap for water in the city is around 10 per cent as far as the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) is concerned. But, a significant amount of water distress is seen in the city because of the private layouts and developments that have come up around the city.

Despite the issues pertaining to water supply, Bangalore is said to have the best metered water connections among the metros. “No city in India has metered better than Bangalore. This ensures better accountability and revenue models,” said Raju.

The current per capita water supply in Bangalore is 100 to 125 (gross) litres per capita per day (LPCD), which is below the national standard of 150 LPCD. The per capita availability of water for the vast majority of poor people in Bangalore is only 40-45 LPCD. The gross demand for the city’s population is 900 million litres a day (MLD). However, BWSSB is able to supply only about 810 MLD.

According to M N Tippeswamy, a retired chief engineer of BWSSB and now a consultant with the board, there is need for a catchment area authority in Bangalore, like the Sydney Catchment Authority in Australia. But, the multiplicity of agencies is a hurdle to any projects for protecting the catchment areas.

BWSSB spends 55 per cent of its budget on power, 12 per cent on establishment costs, 3 per cent on chemicals, while revenue expenditure makes for about 15 per cent and rest goes on repayments.

Reforms
The reforms undertaken by BWSSB are the first steps towards increasing its financial resources, enabling an investment in the automation of systems such as accounting processes.

Administrative reforms have set the pace for the financial reforms at BWSSB, as well as for streamlining its accounting processes. Meanwhile, the utility also worked on improving its relationship with the public. “The provision of spot billings and 24-hour automated payment kiosks has increased customer friendliness,” said a top ranking official. The Board is also moving towards adopting international accounting standards to improve its credit ratings.

Supplies
About 90 per cent of the water supplied by the BWSSB comes from the river Cauvery. Water is pumped over a distance of about 100 km to the city, which is 3,000 feet above sea level. The scheme nominally supplies 810 MLD to the city. The second phase of Cauvery Stage-IV, which is under construction, is expected to enhance the water supply by another 500 MLD.

From BUSINESS STANDARD