Tirupur waiting for ‘modern compost yard’

Detailed project report for the yard will be ready soon

Tirupur: Even as Tirupur grew exponentially to carve out a niche for itself in the world textile map, the city is yet to have some of the basic infrastructure needed to keep the area clean and hygienic. One of them is ‘modern compost yard’, a project that was conceptualised many years ago but did not take off owing to bureaucratic red-tapism.

No-objection certificate

Interestingly, no-objection certificate for the project had been issued by Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board and Indian Air Force (since the yard comes 20 km within the radius of Sulur air station) a few years ago.

Because of the inordinate delay in setting up the ‘modern compost yard’ Corporation health officials are forced to dispose of the solid wastes generated at the rate of 420 tonnes a day mainly into open pits near Velliyangadu causing enormous health hazards.

In the last one year itself, residents in the nearby areas staged umpteen agitations to protest against the menace of rats, flies and foul smell owing to the indiscriminate dumping.

Anti-fly measures

Though the Corporation officials claim that they had started taking anti-fly measures and covering the wastes dumped with a layer of soil on each occasion, people refuse to see this as a permanent solution, especially with monsoon to set in soon.

Solution

“Only a ‘modern compost yard’ can provide a comprehensive solution,” they say.

The Corporation officials told The Hindu that a detailed project report for the yard would be readied soon and that it would come up on a sprawling 25-acre plot at Iduvai.

Live fencing

The facility would have land fill sites, live fencing (greenery), space for recycling the wastes into manure and resting shed for sanitary inspectors, said the officials.

“The manure produced will be sold commercially while the other inert materials be land-filled safely,” they said.

From THE HINDU

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Hygienic? No. Affordable? Yes

CHENNAI: Vasantha Devi whisks white batter, pours it on a tava and swirls the ladle over it. Just as the crisp dosa takes shape, at least half a dozen hands carrying plastic plates stick out.

Food at affordable rates, dispensed even at odd hours, make roadside eateries a popular option despite concerns about the hygiene. — Photo: M.Vedhan

Her 22-year-old son dips the used plates into a plastic pot filled with dark water and stacks them next to the stove. A dog circles a stool piled up with piping hot idlis and fluffy parottas. Not an appetizing site to watch. But strangely, nobody seems to mind.

For hundreds of labourers and daily wage workers, roadside eateries are the only affordable place to satisfy their hunger pangs. The kiosks, strategically located near bus stands, hospitals and traffic junctions, open as early as 6 a.m. Countless idlis, dosas, vadas and parottas are dished out well past midnight.

The oil they use for frying bhajjis and fish are dark, thick and frothy. K. Natesapandiyan, who runs ‘idli kadai’ on Kamaraj Salai, says, “Many buy used oil from hotels. Fresh oil is unaffordable as we sell idlis and dosas for Rs.5 and Rs.10 a plate,” he says.

Lunch menu would include lemon, tomato and curd rice prepared “well in advance” to serve customers in time. “People who have assistants will prepare lunch after breakfast gets over. Many others would cook it overnight and re-heat it as customers are generally impatient,” he adds.

Unlike the ‘bhajji kadais’ at the Marina and Elliots beaches, which use seawater to clean and wash the plates, the roadside eateries in the city have to be frugal in using three or four pots of water that they bring for the day.

“We can’t afford hotel food. All my family members are labourers. So there is no one at home to pack lunch,” says M. Sivarayan, a cleaner in a hospital in Adyar. “The food is tasty and I have not suffered any health problem,” he adds. Manohar and his wife Rajathi, who run a fast food kiosk near the Vadapalani bus terminus, say that though their customers are mainly autorickshaw drivers, they also get people who are working in “computer field.”

“They come around 1 a.m. or 2 a.m. for food. There will be some hotels open even at that hour. But, they prefer our eatery because we serve tasty food,” says Rajathi.

Palanisamy, an autorickshaw driver, says, “I make sure I don’t look beyond the food in my plate. The choked drainage behind the stalls will be nauseating.”

S. Aishwarya – From THE HINDU

Unicef-UN: Vaccines, hygiene could stop diarrhea deaths

LONDON – Diarrhea causes one in five child deaths across the world but getting important vaccines to Africa and Asia could help save many lives, two U.N. agencies said on Wednesday.

Some 1.5 million children die each year from diarrhea, — more than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined — yet only 39 percent of children with diarrhea in developing countries get the right treatment, the World Health Organization and the United Nations children’s fund UNICEF said in a report.

Vaccinations against rotavirus, the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis with vomiting and diarrhea in babies and children, as well as better sanitation and proper rehydration treatment would help solve the problem, they said.

Vaccines, hygiene could stop diarrhea deaths: U.N - Reuters

Vaccines, hygiene could stop diarrhea deaths: U.N - Reuters

Rotavirus causes around 40 percent of hospital admissions from diarrhea in children under five worldwide, according to the report, and vaccination against it has recently been recommended for all national immunization programs.

Only a few, mostly developed and richer nations include rotavirus vaccine in routine childhood immunization programs, but the WHO has been working to make two vaccines — Rotateq from Merck & Co and Rotarix from GlaxoSmithKline — more widely available in developing countries.

“Accelerating its introduction in Africa and Asia, where the rotavirus burden is greatest, needs to become an international priority,” said the report.

It also said two mainstays of diarrhea treatment — zinc supplements and low-osmolarity oral rehydration salts — are still hard to come by in many poorer countries.

“We know what works to reduce child deaths from diarrhea and what actions will make a lasting reduction in the burden of diarrhea,” Tessa Wardlaw of UNICEF and Elizabeth Mason of the WHO said in a commentary in The Lancet medical journal.

“We need to make the prevention and treatment of diarrhea everybody’s business, from families and communities to government leaders to the global community.”

More than 80 percent of child deaths due to diarrhea occur in Africa and South Asia and just 15 countries account for almost three quarters of all deaths from diarrhea among children under five each year. India has the highest number of annual deaths at 386,600.

The report set an action plan to try prevent more childhood deaths from diarrhea. It stressed that simple steps like encouraging hand washing, promoting breastfeeding for small babies, and discouraging open defecation were crucial.

“Nearly one in four people in developing countries practice open defecation,” the authors said. “And despite some recent progress, only 37 percent of infants in developing countries are exclusively breastfed for the first six months.”

An estimated 88 per cent of diarrheal deaths worldwide are due to unsafe water and poor sanitation or hygiene, they added.

By Kate Kelland – Reuters