Agriculture Lands are poisoned by textile processing units

Kadaiyampatti village families’ plight

Unproductive land:Indiscriminate discharge of effluents has severely affected the agricultural activities of families in Kadaiyampatti near Bhavani. — PHOTO:M. GOVARTHAN

ERODE: The families depending on the income from agriculture in Kadaiyampatti village, near Bhavani, are slowly quitting their profession as the textile processing units in the area are poisoning their lands by discharging chemical effluents.

Huge amount of untreated effluents are being let into the cultivable land, vacant space and water carrying channels. “The effluents got stagnated on the land and percolated deep into the ground, poisoning the soil and the ground water,” people in the village point out.

The agricultural productivity has come down drastically. The soil has become unproductive.

“There is a sharp fall in the crop yield. Agriculture is no longer fetching good income for us. Already a significant number of people in the village have quit farming and started selling their lands,” K.R.Palanisamy, a farmer in the village says.

What is more bothering is that the textile processing units are buying these lands and letting out effluents into them.

“All the nearby lands are affected due to this practice,” farmers said.

Environment

“The entire environment in the village is polluted. Children and women fall ill very often. A significant number of people have already moved to Bhavani and Erode,” farmers point out. Farmers, who made repeated representations to the authorities concerned earlier, have now stopped complaining.

“There is no point in complaining as officials at the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board and the district administration remain mute spectators. They know that we are suffering at the hands of textile processing units. We have complained umpteen times to the Collector at the grievances redressal meeting. But still no fruitful steps have been taken up to shutdown these units,” farmers lament.

“It seems the authorities want to see all of us quit farming and give way for the textile processing units to pollute the environment more,” villagers charge.

Officials, when contacted, maintained that they were taking action against the textile processing units, which were violating the rules.

“If authorities’ shutdown a unit, the machineries are shifted to another building to start a new unit and continue to pollute the environment.

The Central and State governments should bring in an effective solution to this issue and protect the agriculture,” farmers demand.

S. Ramesh – From THE HINDU

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Ramanathapuram: Importance of protecting wetlands stressed

RAMANATHAPURAM: The students of various schools in Rameswaram on Tuesday took out a rally to create awareness of the need to protect wetlands.

Conscious: Students signing a banner to stress the need for wetland protection in Rameswaram on Tuesday. — Photo: L. Balachandar

They also signed on a banner stressing the importance of preserving the wetlands, which were facing dangers by way of encroachment, pollution, letting effluents, plastics, lack of maintenance.

Other areas

The representatives of People’s Action for Development, which is spearheading the awareness campaign, said though the government had identified four wetlands Gulf of Mannar, Mela Selvanoor-Keela Selvanoor, Kanjirankudi and Chithirankudi, the wetlands were spread in other areas of the district including Naripaiyur, Muhuntharayar Chathiram.

In danger

Many of these wetlands were facing danger due to various factors.

S. Kamalabhai, Deputy Superintendent of Police, Rameswaram, V. Jeyachandran, Head Master, Government Higher Secondary School, N. Jeyakanthan, NSS officer, J. Prabakarn and P. Chockalingam of People’s Action for Development took part.

From THE HINDU

DHARMAPURI: Water released from Eeachambadi dam

DHARMAPURI: Collector P. Amutha released water from the Eeachambadi Dam by opening the sluice gates in the left and right canals on Friday. The water would be released for 120 days. Over 1890 acres of agricultural lands in Dharmapuri and 4360 acres in Krishnagiri district would be benefitted.

Irrigating areas would be divided into two zones. These zones would be given water for every five days on alternative method.

Farmers should use the water judiciously with the cooperation of the officials of the Public Works Departments and reap the maximum benefit, Ms. Amutha said. Ten villages in Harur taluk in Dharmapuri district and 31 villages in Uthangarai taluk in Krishnagiri district would benefit from the water release, she added.

From THE HINDU

Warmest Temperature recorded in JUNE 2009

Ocean surface temperatures around the world were the warmest on record for the month of June, according to federal scientists, though they caution that one month doesn’t necessarily imply global warming.

The warmer temperatures do confirm that an ocean phenomenon known as El Nino is building in the Pacific Ocean.

Junes record ocean warmth worries fishermen, environmentalists

June's record ocean warmth worries fishermen, environmentalists

Some scientists think the rising temperatures hint at broader changes, perhaps resulting from global climate change. Environmentalists and fishermen are wary of what it may mean.

“It’s really kind of disturbing,” said Zeke Grader, the executive director of the Pacific Coast Federation of Fishermen’s Associations, based in San Francisco. “What we’ve seen right offshore here is a real variation in temperature. But we don’t know what to expect in the future.”

So far, the year has been among the warmest on record for ocean temperatures, ranking sixth based on January through June. The June temperature averaged 62.56 degrees Fahrenheit; the 20th-century average was 61.5 degrees. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has been keeping the records since 1880.

“The high ocean temperatures can threaten coral reefs, provide more energy to hurricanes, cause thermal expansion, which would raise sea level and inundate coasts, force the relocation of some aquatic species and thus impact fisheries,” said Ahira Sanchez-Lugo, a climate scientist with NOAA.

The hottest spots were the north Pacific south of Alaska, along the U.S. West Coast and the Atlantic Ocean off New England. Overall, the Pacific was the warmest. The measurements were taken for every 5 degrees of latitude, however, and an overall temperature for each ocean wasn’t calculated, said Deke Arndt, a climate scientist with NOAA in Ashville, N.C.

“Individually, no single month can be attributed to long-term global warming,” Arndt said, though he added that this June marked the 33rd consecutive June with a temperature above the 20th-century average, which may provide an indication of global warming.

In addition to having the warmest waters, this June saw the second warmest combined ocean and land temperature on record, 61.02 degrees, which was more than a degree above the 20th-century average of 59.9.

Though some climatologists dismiss the June heat as an anomaly, others say it’s part of a traditional El Nino pattern. Occurring roughly every three to eight years, El Nino is a warming of water in the eastern Pacific Ocean, which can disrupt usual weather patterns. During an El Nino year, the Southwest United States tends to be wetter, the Northwest drier and there’s an increased chance of severe weather, such as hurricanes, in the Southern United States.

“Current conditions and trends, as well as the majority of dynamic climate models, are suggesting that (El Nino) will indeed occur,” said Karsten Shein, another climate scientist with NOAA.

Grader said fishermen were worried about their catches, and he, for one, thinks that it isn’t just El Nino that’s causing the higher ocean temperatures.

“Colder water fish will go north,” he said. “It’ll affect phytoplankton and krill production. You’ll see salmon getting smaller.”

Other fishermen aren’t as concerned.

“We’ve fished El Ninos before,” said Larry Collins, 52, a commercial fisherman based at Fishermen’s Wharf in San Francisco. “There’s good and bad things about El Ninos for the California coast. Nature will throw you a curveball.”

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